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Chromatin Signaling and Diseases
2nd Edition - January 1, 2024
Editors: Olivier Binda, Martin Ernesto Fernandez-Zapico, Ana Sevilla Hernandez
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Chromatin Signaling and Diseases, Second Edition, a volume in the Translational Epigenetics series, covers the molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression, which govern… Read more
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Chromatin Signaling and Diseases, Second Edition, a volume in the Translational Epigenetics series, covers the molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression, which govern everything from embryonic development, growth, and human pathologies associated with aging, such as cancer. Although human genome sequencing continues to improve, molecular mechanisms regulating gene expression remain largely misunderstood. Chromatin signaling proposes that small protein domains recognize chemical modifications on the genome scaffolding histone proteins, facilitating the nucleation of enzymatic complexes at specific loci that then open up or shut down the access to genetic information, thereby regulating gene expression. The addition and removal of chemical modifications on histones, as well as the proteins that specifically recognize these, is considered in-depth in Chromatin Signaling and Diseases, Second Edition as well as the impact of gene expression defects associated with malfunctioning chromatin signaling. In addition, this new edition has been fully updated to address recent developments in the field, from phase separation of membrane-less organelles and local segregation of factors to chromatinisation of naked foreign DNA and cancer evolution as regulated by chromatin signaling.
Educates clinicians and researchers about chromatin signaling, a molecular mechanism that is changing our understanding of human pathology
Explores the addition and removal of chemical modifications on histones, the proteins that specifically recognize these, and the impact of gene expression defects associated with malfunctioning chromatin signaling
Addresses new and evolving topics in the field, including chromatinisation of naked foreign DNA, phase separation and chromatin, and chromatin signaling and cancer evolution
Includes chapter contributions from leading international researchers in the field
Geneticists, clinical researchers, developmental biologists, life science researchers, cell biologists, molecular biologists, and biochemists
Section I: Histone Mark Writers
1. Histone Acetyltransferases, Key Writers of the Epigenetic Language
2. Impacts of Histone Lysine Methylation on Chromatin
3. The Role of Histone Mark Writers in Chromatin Signaling: Protein Arginine Methyltransferases
4. Histone Kinases and Phosphatases
Section II: Histone Mark Readers
5. The Bromodomain as an Acetyl-Lysine Reader Domain
6. Chromo Domain Proteins
7. The Role of PHD Fingers in Chromatin Signaling: Mechanisms and Functional Consequences of the Recognition of Histone and Non-histone Targets
8. Tudor Domains as Methyl-Lysine and Methyl-Arginine Readers
Section III: Histone Mark Erasers
9. Histone Deacetylases, the Erasers of the Code
10. Lysine Demethylases: Structure, Function, and Disfunction
Section IV: Chromatin Signaling
11. Variation, Modification, and Reorganization of Broken Chromatin
12. Crosstalk Between Histone Modifications Integrates Various Signaling Inputs to Fine-Tune Transcriptional Output
13. Signaling and Chromatin Networks in Cancer Biology
Section V: Chromatin Dynamics in Normal and Disease Conditions
14. Crosstalk Between DNA Methylation and Chromatin Structure
15. Epigenetic Regulation of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress
16. Chromatin Signaling in Aging and Cellular Senescence
17. Chromatin Dynamics and Epigenetics of Stem Cells and Stem-Like Cancer Cells
18. Altered Chromatin Signaling in Cancer
19. Impact of Chromatin Changes in Pathogenesis of Infectious Diseases: A Pathogen View
20. Chromatin Remodeling and Epigenetic Reprogramming in Chronic Disease and Cancer in the Liver and Pancreas
21. Pharmacological and Therapeutic Targeting of Epigenetic Regulators
22. Use of Chromatin Changes as Biomarkers
23. Regulation of Host Chromatin by Bacterial Metabolites
25. Phase separation and chromatin
26. Cancer evolution
No. of pages: 480
Published: January 1, 2024
Imprint: Academic Press
Paperback ISBN: 9780443190018
Dr. Olivier Binda is a Principal Investigator at Newcastle Cancer Centre at the Northern Institute for Cancer Research, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, specializing in epigenetics and gene expression as it relates to human disease. Dr. Binda co-edited Chromatin Signaling and Diseases (Elsevier 2016), a volume in Elsevier’s Translational Epigenetics series, and has published 20 scientific papers in such peer reviewed journals as the Journal of Biological Chemistry, Biochemistry, Epigenetics, Oncogene, Scientific Reports, and Stem Cell Research. In past positions he has served as a postdoctoral fellow at McGill University and Stanford University, and he completed his PhD in Biochemistry at McGill University in 2007.
Affiliations and expertise
Principal Investigator, Newcastle Cancer Centre, Northern Institute for Cancer Research, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Martin Ernesto Fernandez-Zapico
The research program of Martin E. Fernandez-Zapico, M.D., focuses on the cellular and molecular characterization of epigenetic pathways regulating pancreatic carcinogenesis, a dismal disease with one of the poorest prognoses among all neoplasms. Specifically, Dr. Fernandez-Zapico and his team study the modulation of chromatin and nuclear dynamics by oncogenic cascades and its impact in gene expression regulation, a critical step during pancreatic neoplastic transformation.
Dr. Fernandez-Zapico and his team are confident that the knowledge derived from his studies will help with the understanding of the contribution of these epigenetic events to the initiation and/or progression of pancreatic carcinogenesis as well as serve as a foundation for the development of new therapeutic approaches.
Dr. Fernandez-Zapico's program is affiliated with the Mayo Clinic Cancer Center, Department of Oncology, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, and the Center for Cell Signaling in Gastroenterology. His research is supported by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the NIH-funded Mayo Clinic Pancreatic Cancer Specialized Program of Research Excellence (SPORE), the NIH-funded Mayo Clinic Center for Cell Signaling in Gastroenterology, and the Leukemia and Lymphoma Foundation.
Affiliations and expertise
Associate Professor of Medicine, Associate Professor Pharmacology, Mayo Institute, Rochester, MN, USA
Ana Sevilla Hernandez
Ana Sevilla Hernandez is Head of the Stem Cells in the Development and Disease Lab, Department of Cell Biology, Physiology and Immunology, Faculty of Biology, Barcelona University, Spain.
Affiliations and expertise
Head of the Stem Cells, Development and Disease Lab, Department of Cell Biology, Physiology and Immunology, Faculty of Biology, Barcelona University, Spain