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Calcium And Phosphorus Metabolism
1st Edition - January 1, 1973
Author: James Irving
9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 1 5 8 8 6 - 2
Calcium and Phosphorus Metabolism focuses on the metabolism of calcium and inorganic phosphorus and covers topics ranging from the mechanism of calcium and phosphorus absorption… Read more
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Calcium and Phosphorus Metabolism focuses on the metabolism of calcium and inorganic phosphorus and covers topics ranging from the mechanism of calcium and phosphorus absorption in the intestine to calcium and phosphorus balances and retention. The results of balance experiments on the intestinal absorption of calcium and phosphorus are also presented. This book is comprised of 15 chapters and begins with an introduction to dietary sources of calcium and phosphorus, including water. The influence of vitamin D on the mechanism of calcium and phosphorus absorption in the intestine is then examined, along with calcium and phosphorus content of the body; recommended daily calcium and phosphorus requirements; calcium and phosphorus in the blood; and bone formation and resorption. The remaining chapters explore the chemical and organic composition of bone, together with theories of mineralization and the action of endocrine glands on bone as well as calcium and phosphorus metabolism. The final chapter is devoted to the metabolism of calcium and phosphorus in the teeth. This monograph will serve as a useful guide for biochemists and physiologists.
PrefaceChapter 1. Dietary Sources of Calcium and Phosphorus Water as a Source of CalciumChapter 2. Mechanism of Calcium and Phosphorus Absorption in the Intestine: The Action of Vitamin D Vitamin D Calcium Absorption Calcium-Binding Protein (CaBP) Action of Actinomycin D Enzymes and Calcium Absorption Phosphorus Absorption Submicroscopic Location of Vitamin D Vitamin D Metabolites Distribution of Vitamin D in the BodyChapter 3. Intestinal Absorption of Calcium and Phosphorus Data from Balance Experiments Calcium Habituation to Low Calcium Intakes Other Factors Affecting Calcium Absorption Absorption of PhosphorusChapter 4. Calcium and Phosphorus Content of the Body Total Calcium Effects of Dietary Calcium Placental Transfer of Calcium and Phosphorus Calcium Content in Humans Calcium Content in Individual Tissues Phosphorus Content of the BodyChapter 5. Calcium and Phosphorus Balances and Retention Calcium Loss in Sweat Adaptation to Low Calcium Intakes Calcium and Phosphorus StudiesChapter 6. Recommended Daily Calcium and Phosphorus Requirements Calcium Requirements PhosphorusChapter 7. Blood Calcium and Phosphorus Blood Calcium Forms of Blood Calcium Blood Calcium and Egg-Laying Blood Phosphorus Homeostasis of Plasma Phosphate Forms of Phosphorus in the Blood Nonultrafiltrable Phosphorus Endocrine Factors and the Blood Calcium and Phosphorus Levels Dietary Factors and the Blood Calcium and Phosphorus LevelsChapter 8. Bone Formation and Resorption Bone Formation Bone ResorptionChapter 9. Bone Chemical Composition of Bone The Apatite Crystals of Bone Organic Constituents of Bone Theories of MineralizationChapter 10. Dietary Factors on Bone and Calcium and Phosphorus Metabolism Protein Uptake and Bone Formation Vitamin A Ascorbic Acid Calcium, Phosphorus, and Vitamin D Histological Changes in Rickets Vitamin DChapter 11. Action of Endocrine Glands on Bone and Calcium and Phosphorus Metabolism Hypophysis Cortisone Estrogens The Parathyroid Gland Cyclic AMP Calcitonin Thyroid OsteoporosisChapter 12. Calcium and Phosphorus Metabolism of the Teeth Enamel Dentin Metabolic Activity of the Teeth Influence of Factors upon Erupting Teeth Experimental Dental Caries Vitamins Endocrine Glands Chapter 13. Excretion of Calcium and Phosphorus in the Urine Calcium Phosphorus Magnesium, Calcium, and PhosphorusChapter 14. Kinetic and Cybernetic Analysis of Calcium Metabolism Introduction General Approach Cybernetic Analysis Concluding Remarks Chapter 15. Cellular Functions of Calcium Calcium and Nerve Excitation Calcium in Neuromuscular and Synaptic Transmission Calcium and Cellular Extrusion Processes The Role of Calcium in Muscular Contraction Calcium and Mitochondria Other Functions of Calcium and Concluding Remarks BibliographySubject Index