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Archaeology of the Central Mississippi Valley
1st Edition - October 13, 1987
Authors: Dan F. Morse, Phyllis A. Morse
Editor: James Bennett Griffin
9 7 8 - 1 - 4 8 3 2 - 6 0 9 6 - 9
Archaeology of the Central Mississippi Valley describes an archeological reconstruction of the preceding 11,000 years of an extraordinarily rich environment centered within the… Read more
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Archaeology of the Central Mississippi Valley describes an archeological reconstruction of the preceding 11,000 years of an extraordinarily rich environment centered within the largest river system north of the Amazon. This book focuses on the lowlands of the Mississippi Valley from just north of the Ohio River to the mouth of the Arkansas River. Organized into 13 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the territory between the Ohio and Arkansas rivers. This text then attempts to humanize the archeological interpretations by reference to social organization, settlement system, economy, religion, and politics. Other chapters focus on understanding the nature of change through time in the Central Mississippi Valley. This book discusses as well the difference between an old braided stream surface and the younger meander belt system. The final chapter deals with the investigation of prehistoric Indian remains. This book is a valuable resource for archeologists, zoologists, and scientific hobbyists.
PrefaceAcknowledgments1 The River Gross Divisions Geological History The Reconstructed River Habitat References2 The Archaeology History of Archaeological Investigations Factors AffectIng Scientific Archaeology in the Central Valley Recovery Techniques Data Interpretation and Incorporation Archaeological Sequence References3 Paleo-lndian Beginnings (9500-8500 B.C.) Pleistocene Fauna in the Central Valley Fluted Points Other Possible Early Lanceolate PoInts Man and Mastodon Cultural Reconstruction References4 Dalton Efflorescence (8500-7500 B.C.) The Dalton Tool Kit Settlements References5 The Hypsithermal Archaic Disruption (7000-3000 B.C.) The Hypsithermal Period Temporal Control of Point Horizon Styles Comments on the Hypsithermal Archaic References6 Archaic Expansion (3000-500 B.C.) Artifacts Types of Sites The Development of Tribal Society References7 Woodland Beginnings (500 B.C-0) Pottery Manufacture Environmental Setting The Mccarty Site References8 The Hopewellian Period (0-A.D. 400) Trade and Ritual in Hopewell The PInson Mounds The Helena Mounds Marksville Period Villages References9 Woodland Conflict (A.D. 400-700) The Dunlin Phase The Hoecake Phase The Baytown Phase References10 Mississippian Frontier (A.D. 700-1000) Origin of Mississippi Environmental Adaptation Outside Resources Revolution in Ceramics Other Important New Artifact Types Sociopolitical Changes The American Bottom The Cairo Lowland The Zebree Site References11 Mississippian Consolidation (A.D. 1000-1350) Transition From Early to Middle Period Mississippi The Cherry Valley Phase After Cherry Valley Powers Phase The Cairo Lowland Phase Summary References12 Mississippian Nucleation (A.D. 1350-1650) Horizon Markers Population Nucleation The Nodena Phase The Parkin Phase The Walls Phase The Kent and Old Town Phases The Greenbrier Phase The Quapaw Phase Summary References13 Epilogue: Historic Archaeology The Protohistoric-Spanish Period (A.D. 1500-1650) The French in the Mississippi Valley Eighteenth-Century Disruption The Jefferson Purchase and the NIneteenth Century Who Made King Crowley? ReferencesIndex