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## The Commonwealth and International Library: Mechanical Engineering Division

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Preface

1 Forces and Moments

Force

Characteristics of a Force

Vector

Bow's Notation

Types of Forces

Moment

Couple

Resultant Force

Component Force

Equilibrium of Forces

Resultant Forces

Simple Frameworks

Exercises

2 Beams, Shear Force and Bending Moment Diagrams

Beam

Support Reactions

Simply Supported Beam with Point Loads

Simply Supported Beam with Uniformly Distributed Load

Cantilever Beam

Shear Force

Shear Force Diagram

Bending Moment

Sign Convention

Bending Moment Diagram

Maximum Bending Moment

Shear Force and Bending Moment Diagrams by Graphical Construction

Scales

Exercises

3 Stress and Strain

Stress

Shear Stress

Direct Strain

Modulus of Elasticity—Hooke's Law

Determination of the Modulus of Elasticity E

Shear Strain

Modulus of Rigidity G

Behavior beyond the Elastic Limit in Tension

Yield Point

Proof Stress

Standard Tensile Stress

Stress-Strain Curves

Factor of Safety

Exercises

4 Velocity and Acceleration

Velocity

Acceleration

Velocity-Time Graphs

Newton's Laws of Motion

Units

Impact—Conservation of Momentum

Exercises

5 Friction

Laws of Friction

Lubricated Surfaces

Angle of Friction

Friction on Inclined Plane

Friction in a Square Thread

Ball and Roller Bearings

Exercises

6 Work, Power and Energy

Work

Power

Energy

Exercises

7 Machines

Machines

Law of the Machine

Mechanical Advantage

Velocity Ratio

Efficiency

Overhauling

Typical Machines

Exercises

8 Heat

Atoms and Molecules

Effect of Heat

Heat Units

Joule's Equivalent

Specific Heat

Water Equivalent

Expansion

Effect of Expansion

Fuel and Combustion

Combustion: Chemical Equation

Calorific Value

Higher and Lower Calorific Value

Types of Fuel

Calorimeters

Exercises

9 Gas Laws

Gas Pressure

Absolute Pressure

Pressure Gauges

Absolute Temperature—Charles's Law

Characteristic Equation of a Gas—Combination of Boyle's Law and Charles's Law

Standard Conditions

Specific Heat of a Gas

Exercises

10 Vapors. Steam-Engine and Boiler

Properties of Steam

Enthalpy of Steam

Dry Saturated Steam

Wet Steam

Superheated Steam 189

Boiler

Evaporative Capacity

Equivalent Evaporation

Boiler Efficiency

Steam-Engine

Indicator Gear

Indicated Horse Power

Brake Horse Power

Dynamometers

Efficiency

Exercises

11 Internal Combustion Engines

Four-Stroke Cycle

Two-Stroke Cycle

Indicated Horse Power

Farnborough Indicator

Cathode-Ray Indicator

Brake Horse Power

Brake Mean Effective Pressure

Brake Thermal Efficiency

Exercises

Tables

Logarithms to Base 10

Antilogarithms to Base 10

Natural Sines

Natural Cosines

Natural Tangents

Abbreviated Steam Table

Index

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1st Edition - January 1, 1966

Author: C. B. Smith

Editors: N. Hiller, G. E. Walker

eBook ISBN:

9 7 8 - 1 - 4 8 3 1 - 5 8 2 3 - 5

Applied Mechanics for Engineers, Volume 1 provides an introduction to mechanics applied to engineering. The worked examples correspond to the first year of the Ordinary National… Read more

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Applied Mechanics for Engineers, Volume 1 provides an introduction to mechanics applied to engineering. The worked examples correspond to the first year of the Ordinary National Certificate in Engineering, which are supported with theories discussed in this book. The calculations in this text have all been made with the assistance of a slide rule and it is recommended that the reader acquire a slide rule to make full use of this publication. The topics covered include forces and moments; beams, shear force, and bending moment diagrams; velocity and acceleration; friction; and work, power, and energy. The gas laws; vapors, steam-engine, and boiler; and internal combustion engines are also deliberated in this text. This volume is valuable to engineering students, as well as researchers conducting work on applied mechanics.

Preface

1 Forces and Moments

Force

Characteristics of a Force

Vector

Bow's Notation

Types of Forces

Moment

Couple

Resultant Force

Component Force

Equilibrium of Forces

Resultant Forces

Simple Frameworks

Exercises

2 Beams, Shear Force and Bending Moment Diagrams

Beam

Support Reactions

Simply Supported Beam with Point Loads

Simply Supported Beam with Uniformly Distributed Load

Cantilever Beam

Shear Force

Shear Force Diagram

Bending Moment

Sign Convention

Bending Moment Diagram

Maximum Bending Moment

Shear Force and Bending Moment Diagrams by Graphical Construction

Scales

Exercises

3 Stress and Strain

Stress

Shear Stress

Direct Strain

Modulus of Elasticity—Hooke's Law

Determination of the Modulus of Elasticity E

Shear Strain

Modulus of Rigidity G

Behavior beyond the Elastic Limit in Tension

Yield Point

Proof Stress

Standard Tensile Stress

Stress-Strain Curves

Factor of Safety

Exercises

4 Velocity and Acceleration

Velocity

Acceleration

Velocity-Time Graphs

Newton's Laws of Motion

Units

Impact—Conservation of Momentum

Exercises

5 Friction

Laws of Friction

Lubricated Surfaces

Angle of Friction

Friction on Inclined Plane

Friction in a Square Thread

Ball and Roller Bearings

Exercises

6 Work, Power and Energy

Work

Power

Energy

Exercises

7 Machines

Machines

Law of the Machine

Mechanical Advantage

Velocity Ratio

Efficiency

Overhauling

Typical Machines

Exercises

8 Heat

Atoms and Molecules

Effect of Heat

Heat Units

Joule's Equivalent

Specific Heat

Water Equivalent

Expansion

Effect of Expansion

Fuel and Combustion

Combustion: Chemical Equation

Calorific Value

Higher and Lower Calorific Value

Types of Fuel

Calorimeters

Exercises

9 Gas Laws

Gas Pressure

Absolute Pressure

Pressure Gauges

Absolute Temperature—Charles's Law

Characteristic Equation of a Gas—Combination of Boyle's Law and Charles's Law

Standard Conditions

Specific Heat of a Gas

Exercises

10 Vapors. Steam-Engine and Boiler

Properties of Steam

Enthalpy of Steam

Dry Saturated Steam

Wet Steam

Superheated Steam 189

Boiler

Evaporative Capacity

Equivalent Evaporation

Boiler Efficiency

Steam-Engine

Indicator Gear

Indicated Horse Power

Brake Horse Power

Dynamometers

Efficiency

Exercises

11 Internal Combustion Engines

Four-Stroke Cycle

Two-Stroke Cycle

Indicated Horse Power

Farnborough Indicator

Cathode-Ray Indicator

Brake Horse Power

Brake Mean Effective Pressure

Brake Thermal Efficiency

Exercises

Tables

Logarithms to Base 10

Antilogarithms to Base 10

Natural Sines

Natural Cosines

Natural Tangents

Abbreviated Steam Table

Index

- No. of pages: 242
- Language: English
- Published: January 1, 1966
- Imprint: Pergamon
- eBook ISBN: 9781483158235