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Books in Social sciences

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The Metaverse and Smart Cities

  • 1st Edition
  • Zaheer Allam + 1 more
  • Zaheer Allam and Zarrin Allam
  • March 29, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 3 5 1 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 3 5 0 - 1
The Metaverse and Smart Cities: Urban Environments in the Age of Digital Connectivity explores the intersection between the rapidly growing metaverse and the future of cities. The metaverse is a virtual world that is increasingly gaining attention as a new frontier for human interaction and commerce. At the same time, cities are undergoing significant transformation as they face challenges such as population growth, urbanization, and environmental degradation. Urban planners and city administrators will find valuable insights on how the metaverse can be integrated into the planning and development of smart, sustainable, and future cities.The book begins with an introduction to the concepts and technology of the metaverse as well as its history. It then sheds light on the current and future challenges and opportunities that the metaverse presents to cities and the quality of life of urban dwellers. It delves into the ways in which the metaverse can change cities, both in terms of their physical and virtual environments, and the impact it can have on the lives of those who live in them. It brings together the latest research and perspectives from experts in the fields of virtual reality, urban planning, and sustainability, to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date picture of this rapidly evolving field.
The Metaverse and Smart Cities

Landscape Evolution of Continental-Scale River Systems

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 24
  • James W. Sears
  • James W. Sears
  • March 15, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Landscape Evolution of Continental-Scale River Systems: A Case Study of North America's Pre-Pleistocene Bell River Basin provides a detailed case study and complete analysis of this continental-scale North American paleo-river system. The book uses detrital zircon provenance data to link incision of the Grand Canyon to deposition of its erosional products in a giant drowned delta in the Labrador Sea, in the context of sedimentary source-to-sink processes and Plio-Pleistocene continental drainage changes. The case study describes the tectonic changes in this continental-scale paleo-river system, with global implications, and contrasts this system to other continental-scale river systems around the world.This book is a valuable reference for postgraduate students, academics and researchers in the fields of geology, fluvial geomorphology and other geosciences. Readers will be able to use this detailed case study to better understand the implications for how active tectonics of headwaters regions influence delta deposition in continental-scale river systems around the world.
Landscape Evolution of Continental-Scale River Systems

Advances in Virus Research

  • 1st Edition
  • Volume 118
  • Robin MacDiarmid, Benhur Lee + 1 more
  • Robin MacDiarmid, Benhur Lee and Martin Beer
  • March 1, 2024
  • English
  • Hardback
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  • eBook
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Advances in Virus Research, Volume 118 highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on topics such as HCMV-encoded GPCRs in infection, disease, and pathogenesis, Defense signaling pathways in resistance to plant viruses: crosstalk and finger pointing, and Pathogenesis of neuroinvasive flaviviruses.
Advances in Virus Research

Digitally Disrupted Space

  • 1st Edition
  • Anastasia Panori
  • Anastasia Panori
  • February 15, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 4 1 5 1 - 5
Digitally Disrupted Space: Proximity and New Development Opportunities for Regions and Cities develops an analytical framework of the key structural elements in relation to the digital space and its impact on existing spatial interactions at a regional and urban level. The book puts forth the argument that the digital space is a new form of space acting complementary to existing spatial structures and creating novel interactions between and/or within them. It explores how digital space enhances connected intelligence by combining knowledge-intensive activities, cooperation between organizational and institutional actors, and smart environments of knowledge creation and diffusion.Academics and researchers will find insights into how cities and regions can adopt this new developmental paradigm; how to organize connected intelligence within regional and urban environments; and how to sustain productivity, resilience and inclusion through the use of digital space. Digital transformation managers in the public sector and entrepreneurs in private organizations can leverage the opportunities offered from this transition process, not only by identifying actions and strategies for boosting their productivity, but also for making them more resilient during socio-economic, environmental and health crises.
Digitally Disrupted Space

Advances in Lithium-Ion Batteries for Electric Vehicles

  • 1st Edition
  • Haifeng Dai + 1 more
  • Haifeng Dai and Jiangong Zhu
  • February 15, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 5 5 4 3 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 5 5 4 4 - 4
Advances in Lithium-Ion Batteries for Electric Vehicles: Degradation Mechanism, Health Estimation, and Lifetime Prediction examines the electrochemical nature of lithium-ion batteries, including battery degradation mechanisms and how to manage the battery state of health (SOH) to meet the demand for sustainable development of electric vehicles. With extensive case studies, methods and applications, the book provides practical, step-by-step guidance on battery tests, degradation mechanisms, and modeling and management strategies. The book begins with an overview of Li-ion battery aging and battery aging tests before discussing battery degradation mechanisms and methods for analysis.Further methods are then presented for battery state of health estimation and battery lifetime prediction, providing a range of case studies and techniques. The book concludes with a thorough examination of lifetime management strategies for electric vehicles, making it an essential resource for students, researchers, and engineers needing a range of approaches to tackle battery degradation in electric vehicles.
Advances in Lithium-Ion Batteries for Electric Vehicles

The Real Case for Driverless Mobility

  • 1st Edition
  • Alain L. Kornhauser + 1 more
  • Alain L. Kornhauser and Michael L. Sena
  • January 24, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 3 6 8 5 - 3
  • eBook
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The Real Case for Driverless Mobility: Putting Driverless Vehicles to Use for Those Who Really Need a Ride explores solutions for providing mobility for the unserved/underserved, including those who cannot drive themselves, afford transport alternatives, or who live in areas where neither public nor private transport is offered. The book synthesizes the career-long activities of the authors and the Princeton SmartDrivingCars Summits and assesses whether cars without drivers can deliver an affordable and more effective alternative to mass transit and taxis.A high percentage of the residents in many U.S. cities are poor, and the jobs that remain are often not easily reached by public transit systems which struggle to deliver a minimum level of service with their limited budgets. The SDC Summits were initiated in 2017 by Alain Kornhauser to attempt to address this problem. This book presents the problem and the proposed solution in a form that can be used by a wide audience and help build a constituency, both for the proof of concept and for an eventual implementation in many cities and towns in North America and other parts of the world.Professionals, investors, researchers and students alike will find this book a valuable exploration of how driverless technology can be applied to personal transport that can be used by a large sub-group of the population who are not currently served by automobile transport and are poorly served by public transport solutions.
The Real Case for Driverless Mobility

Urban Risk Management in China

  • 1st Edition
  • Jianping Sun
  • Jianping Sun
  • January 23, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 8 6 4 2 - 4
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 8 6 4 3 - 1
Urban Risk Management in China: Principles, Methods and Practices discusses the management of urban risk, the practical application of risk prevention, and the practice of control in the industry. Urban risk management is an emerging and interdisciplinary research field, and this book meets the urgent need to identify, analyze, and summarize urban risks and management difficulties that are experienced worldwide, especially in metropolitan cities. With rapid and large-scale urbanization, China's urban management experience in facing a series of comprehensive challenges provides a helpful way forward for urban planners around the world.This book clarifies the concept of urban risk, which includes urban land use, housing, infrastructure construction, economic and social development, and environmental protection, with an aim of analyzing the obstacles to urban risk management, forming a cognitive framework, organizing the practice of urban risk management, and finally forming a workable urban risk management system.
Urban Risk Management in China

Designer Drugs

  • 1st Edition
  • Roy Gerona
  • Roy Gerona
  • January 17, 2024
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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A title in the Emerging Issues in Analytical Chemistry series, Designer Drugs: Chemistry, Analysis, Regulation, Toxicology, Epidemiology & Legislation of New Psychoactive Substances presents both an overview and a guide to techniques for designer drug analysis. Proliferation of the synthesis and use of designer drugs is a serious public health problem with social, economic, and legal implications. Whether abuse is studied at the population level or the individual level, researchers need both background and highly detailed technical information on specific drugs and drug classes in order to combat the proliferation and highly damaging consequences of these substances. Author Roy Gerona provides a comprehensive discussion that emphasizes the potential threat to society, presents the ongoing challenges confronting the various laboratory approaches to detection and identification of new chemical entities, and informs the development of improved analytical solutions for use in legislation, law enforcement, and treatment.Designer Drugs: Chemistry, Analysis, Regulation, Toxicology, Epidemiology & Legislation of New Psychoactive Substances offers an introduction to the field and a source of information on specific drugs, drug effects, and analytical tools to a wide audience for anyone studying or engaging in designer drug analysis. Analytical and medical chemists, pharmacologist, toxicologists, and students, researchers, and policy makers in the fields of drug abuse, medicine, public health, and forensics will greatly benefit from this essential text.
Designer  Drugs

XAI Based Intelligent Systems for Society 5.0

  • 1st Edition
  • Fadi Al-Turjman, Anand Nayyar + 3 more
  • Fadi Al-Turjman, Anand Nayyar, Mohd Naved + 2 more
  • November 29, 2023
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 3 2 3 - 9 5 7 8 4 - 7
XAI Based Intelligent Systems for Society 5.0 focuses on the development and analysis of Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI)-based models and intelligent systems that can be utilized for Society 5.0—characterized by a knowledge intensive, data driven, and non-monetary society. The book delves into the issues of transparency, explainability, data fusion, and interpretability, which are significant for the development of a super smart society and are addressed through XAI-based models and techniques. XAI-based deep learning models, fuzzy and hybrid intelligent systems, expert systems, and intrinsic explainable models in the context of Society 5.0 are presented in detail.The book also addresses—using XAI-based intelligent techniques—the privacy issues intrinsic in storing huge amounts of data or information in virtual space. The concept of Responsible AI, which is at the core of the future direction of XAI for Society 5.0, is also explored in this book. Finally, the application areas of XAI, including relevant case studies, are presented in the concluding chapter. This book serves as a valuable resource for graduate/post graduate students, academicians, analysts, computer scientists, engineers, researchers, professionals, and other personnel working in the area of artificial intelligence, machine learning, and intelligent systems, who are interested in creating a people-centric smart society.
XAI Based Intelligent Systems for Society 5.0

Dynamics and Stochasticity in Transportation Systems Part II

  • 1st Edition
  • Giulio E Cantarella, Chiara Fiori + 1 more
  • Giulio E Cantarella, Chiara Fiori and Lorenzo Mussone
  • November 15, 2023
  • English
  • Paperback
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  • eBook
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Dynamics and Stochasticity in Transportation Systems Part II: Equations and Examples goes beyond theory and mathematical models to give readers a practical understanding of dynamic and stochastic assignment modeling approaches in transportation systems. After an introduction in Chapter One, following chapters present recent advances, reviews of contents of the corresponding chapters in Giulio Cantarella’s previous book, discussions on numerical examples, comprehensive summaries, and final remarks. Readers will appreciate the fully discussed numerical examples, applications to real cases, review of recent developments and other materials not easily available in the literature, including long proofs. This book bridges mathematical theory with operational needs in a way that no current book does with practical, real-world cases and examples. Academics, researchers, and instructors as well as professionals, practitioners, and consultants will find this a valuable resource for solving network equilibrium problems in transportation systems analysis.
Dynamics and Stochasticity in Transportation Systems Part II