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Books in Physical sciences and engineering

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Practical Sonochemistry

  • 3rd Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Timothy J Mason + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 0 5 4 - 8
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 0 5 3 - 1
Sonochemistry can do lots of amazing things in many different fields – but how and where do you start with applying it? This thoroughly updated third edition of Practical Sonochemistry offers a ground-up introduction to the fundamentals applying power ultrasound to both lab and large-scale applications, methodically addressing the following questions: My laboratory does not have the equipment- what do I need? I have the equipment, but I have no idea how it works or how to use it- where do I start? I want to apply sonochemistry to a new reaction or processing method – what is the best approach? What types of sonochemistry equipment is available on the market and which is the best to choose? Can I scale up my reaction and if so, how do I do it, given that ultrasound is non-linear?Practical Sonochemistry: Applications of Power Ultrasound in Chemistry and Processing, Third Edition will be invaluable to anyone who wishes to use power ultrasound devices to synthesize or degrade chemical compounds. It conveys the increasing growth in applications and equipment to power ultrasound. The book written primarily for graduate students, postdoc researchers and academics in applied chemistry and chemical engineering, as well as technicians and operators in relevant industry.

Machine Learning for Low-Latency Communications

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Yong Zhou + 4 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 0 7 3 - 9
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 0 7 4 - 6
Low-latency communications attracts considerable attention from both academia and industry, given its potential to support various emerging applications such as industry automation, autonomous vehicles, augmented reality and telesurgery. Despite the great promise, achieving low-latency communications is critically challenging. Supporting massive connectivity incurs long access latency, while transmitting high-volume data leads to substantial transmission latency. In addition, applying advanced signal processing techniques demands high processing latency. As these challenges cannot be effectively tackled by traditional design methods, there is a need for the wide adoption of powerful deep learning techniques that have the potential to achieve automatic structure extraction, thereby effectively supporting low-latency communications.Machine Learning for Low-Latency Communications presents the principles and practice of various deep learning methodologies for mitigating three critical latency components: access latency, transmission latency, and processing latency. In particular, the book develops learning to estimate methods, via algorithm unrolling and multiarmed bandit, for reducing access latency by enlarging the number of concurrent transmissions with the same pilot length. Task-oriented learning to compress methods based on information bottleneck are given to reduce the transmission latency via avoiding unnecessary data transmission. Lastly, three learning to optimize methods for processing latency reduction are given which leverage graph neural networks, multi-agent reinforcement learning, and domain knowledge.

Rehabilitation of Metallic Structural Systems Using Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites

  • 2nd Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Vistasp M. Karbhari
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 0 8 4 - 5
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 0 8 3 - 8
Rehabilitation of Metallic Structural Systems Using Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites, Second Edition provides comprehensive knowledge on the application of FRPs in various types of metallic field structures. Part I provides an overview of the various types of materials and systems and discusses the durability of bonds. Part II focuses on materials-level considerations, such as corrosion and mechanical behavior, putty effects on the effectiveness of pipeline systems, laser joining and the use of carbon and basalt FRP for underwater repair. Building on Part II, the final three sections focus on applications of FRP composites to steel components and various infrastructure systems.This book will be a standard reference for civil engineers, designers, materials scientists, and other professionals who are involved in the rehabilitation of metallic structures using fiber reinforced polymer composites.

Advances in Sustainable Applications of Microalgae

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • José Carlos Magalhães Pires + 2 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 1 2 7 - 9
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 1 2 8 - 6
Advances in Sustainable Applications of Microalgae discusses different mechanisms used by microalgae to treat various gaseous streams, wastewaters, and pollution bioremediation. In addition, the advantages of the application of microalgal biomass in the agricultural and food/feed sectors are presented and bioenergy from microalgae with a view to sustainability is explored. The present covers the use of microalgal cultures in various applications, such as: the treatment of gaseous streams by removing various contaminants, wastewater treatment through the removal of several pollutants, biomass valorization for agriculture purposes, bioenergy from microalgae, and industrial integration of all these processes in a biorefinery concept.Finally, the book emphasizes the importance of gathering scientific knowledge to overcome drawbacks related to microalgal production and develops the concept of biorefinery based on microalgal biomass for a more sustainable future.

Integrated Sensing and Communications for Future Wireless Networks

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Aryan Kaushik
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 1 4 3 - 9
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 1 4 4 - 6
Integrated Sensing and Communications for Future Wireless Networks: Principles, Advances and Key Enabling Technologies presents the principles, methods, and algorithms of ISAC, an overview of the essential enabling technologies, as well as the latest research and future directions. Suitable for academic researchers and post graduate students as well as industry R&D engineers, this book is the definitive reference in this interdisciplinary field that is being seen as a technology to enable emerging applications such as vehicular networks, environmental monitoring, remote sensing, IoT, smart cities.Importantly, ISAC has been identified as an enabling technology for B5G/6G, and the next-generation Wi-Fi system. ISAC brings together a range of technologies: radar sensing, reconfigurable intelligent surfaces, holographic surfaces through to high frequency terahertz, PHY security, channel signaling, multiple access, and machine learning.

Machine Learning for Powder-Based Metal Additive Manufacturing

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Gurminder Singh + 3 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 1 4 5 - 3
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 1 4 6 - 0
Machine Learning for Powder-based Metal Additive Manufacturing outlines machine learning (ML) methods for additive manufacturing (AM) of metals that will improve product quality, optimize manufacturing processes, and reduce costs. The book combines ML and AM methods to develop intelligent models that train AM techniques in pre-processing, process optimization, and post-processing for optimized microstructure, tensile and fatigue properties, and biocompatibility for various applications.The book covers ML for design in AM, ML for materials development and intelligent monitoring in metal AM, both geometrical deviation and physics informed machine learning modeling, as well as data-driven cost estimation by ML. Optimization for slicing and orientation, ML to create models of materials for AM processes, ML prediction for better mechanical and microstructure prediction, and feature extraction by sensing data are all covered, and each chapter includes a case study.

Python Forensics

  • 2nd Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Chet Hosmer
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 2 3 3 - 7
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 2 3 4 - 4
Python Forensics: A Workbench for Inventing and Sharing Digital Forensic Technology, Second Edition provides never-before-published, proven forensic modules, libraries, and turnkey solutions. In addition, detailed instruction and documentation provided with the code samples allow even novice Python programmers to add their own unique twists. Rapid development of new cybercrime investigation tools is an essential ingredient in virtually every case and environment. Whether you are performing post-mortem investigation, executing live triage, extracting evidence from mobile devices or cloud services, or are collecting and processing evidence from a network, Python forensic implementations can fill in the gaps.This updated edition addresses new and emerging needs of the Digital Forensics professional, including expanded integration of Python into forensics and cybersecurity platforms; extensive machine learning integration with the Python ecosystem; using Python for deep packet inspection investigations; using Python for the gathering and analysis of Open-Source Intelligence (OSINT) investigations; using Python during eDiscovery investigations; integration of Python with Generative Pre Trainer-Transformers such as GPT-3, ChatGPT, and others; extraction and interaction with social media platforms; integration and access to Virus Total and other Internet resources; and YARA rule processing with Python.

Waste-to-Energy

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Pooja Sharma + 5 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 3 5 6 - 3
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 3 5 7 - 0
Waste-to-Energy: Sustainable Approaches for Emerging Economies presents the latest developments and applications for the conversion of waste into biofuels and other energy products. Divided into two parts, Section I reviews the major sources of solid waste and their management strategies in developing countries, and includes the collection, composition, segregation, and dispersal of various waste streams, as well as the generation of biogas and other value-added products. Section II examines the transformation of waste into biofuels and the management strategies required to efficiently implement waste-to-energy processes.Methods for the production of hydrogen, biomethane, biofuels, and bioenergy, as well as resource recovery are discussed in depth, and mathematical models are provided for anaerobic digestion techniques. The benefits and challenges of waste-to-energy as a waste management strategy are explored through dedicated chapters on the techno-economics, environmental and social regulation, and the operation of WtE plants. The final chapter of the book presents a lifecycle assessment and environmental impact analysis of the technologies and strategies discussed.

Innovations in the Global Biogas industry

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Tonderayi S Matambo + 1 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 3 7 2 - 3
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 3 7 3 - 0
Innovations in the Global Biogas Industry: Applications of Green Principles critically reviews the whole biogas supply chain from substrates to upgraded biogas. The book evaluates the application of green principles at each stage of biogas production and combines this with case studies and a review of the latest technological advances to produce a comprehensive assessment of the current state of the biogas industry.The first three sections of the book guide the reader through the whole supply chain of biogas production, from feedstock and waste management, to process design, plant design, operation, optimization, and end products. The sustainability of biogas industry operations is then addressed in depth through a life cycle assessment, alongside the techno-economics and safety considerations. Each section considers small-, medium-, and large-scale biogas plant related developments, and how green principles are applied at each scale. Finally, the critical element of biogas industry stakeholders is explored, which discusses financing mechanisms, policies and regulations, global markets, and governance issues relating to the biogas sector.Innovations in the Global Biogas Industry: Applications of Green Principles is a valuable reference for scientists and professionals involved in biogas production and will be particularly useful to professionals involved in the design, management, and operations of biogas production plants.

Multiscale Modelling of Concrete

  • 1st Edition
  • November 1, 2024
  • Shanaka Baduge + 3 more
  • English
  • Paperback
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 3 7 8 - 5
  • eBook
    9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 2 2 3 7 9 - 2
Concrete is a heterogenous multi-phase and multi-scale material that is difficult to model and understand due to its heterogeneity. Thus, knowing the properties and modelling concrete in different scales is essential to predict properties and fracture.Most of the research has been focused on meso scale, or the methods available to model and predict micro-scale properties are not linked to experimental methods, so properties for microscale cannot be derived and it is onerous to validate such methods.Considering the above constraints in the multi-scale modelling of concrete, the book covers different modelling techniques of scales of concrete - macro, meso, micro/nano and molecular level, characterising mechanical properties and parameters required for modelling using macro and micro level experiments and linking these levels using analytical and numerical methods to upscale results from micro to the macro level.