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Unraveling Environmental Disasters
2nd Edition - October 1, 2023
Authors: Daniel A. Vallero, Trevor Letcher
9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 3 - 1 8 6 5 1 - 6
Unraveling Environmental Disasters, Second Edition provides scientific explanations of the most threatening current and future environmental disasters, including an analysis of… Read more
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Unraveling Environmental Disasters, Second Edition provides scientific explanations of the most threatening current and future environmental disasters, including an analysis of ways disasters could have been prevented and how to minimize risk of similar disasters in the future. In this new edition the authors provide foundational knowledge on why certain environmental disasters occur and ways of reducing the risk of recurrences. Anyone involved in teaching or working in the main sciences of physics, chemistry, and biology, or in the applied sciences, including engineering, design, planning, and homeland security, should read the book to become acquainted with these very important issues.
Evaluates natural hazards and disasters with an emphasis on lessons learned for better future forecasting
Considers the impact of human systems on environmental disasters, treating disasters as complex systems
Provides detailed predictions, based upon sound science, on why disasters occur
Includes fully updated chapters on food, health, and water
Focuses on both theoretical and practical aspects of each disaster
Includes disasters related to climate change and pollution
Engineers and scientists involved in environmental issues, Decision makers in government, urban planners, environmentalists, academicians, researchers grad students in engineering and scientific courses related to environment issues, workers in research establishments (private and government involved in renewable energy)
1. Failure Events Disasters as Failures Types of Failure Types of Disasters Systems Engineering References and Notes
2. Science Scientific Advancement Laws of Motion Laws of Chemistry and Thermodynamics Science in the Public Eye References
4. Plumes Nomenclature Early Air Quality Disasters Toxic Plumes Plume Characterization Nuclear Fallout Plumes References and Notes
5. Leaks Surreptitious Disasters Pollutant Transport in Groundwater Love Canal Chester Times Beach Valley of the Drums Stringfellow Acid Pits Tar Creek The March Continues References and Notes
6. Spills Disastrous Releases Oil Spills Niger River Delta Oil Spills Other Spills Partitioning in the Environment References and Notes
7. Fires Fire Disaster Thermodynamics Kuwait Oil Fires Release of Radioactive Material Indonesian Wildfires World Trade Center Fire The Japanese Earthquake and Tsunami Other Major Fires Tire Fires Coal Mine Fires Indirect Effect: Formation of Toxic Substances Indirect Impact: Transport References and Notes
8. Climate Global Climate Change Greenhouse Gases Consequences of Global Warming Is It a Disaster? Responding to Climate Change Carbon and Climate Potential Warming Disaster Geoengineering Biological Drivers of Climate Change References and Notes
9. Nature Hurricanes Floods Drought Ecosystem Resilience References and Notes
10. Minerals Inorganic Substances Toxic Metals Asbestos Cyanide Surface Mining Value References and Notes
11. Recalcitrance The Dirty Dozen Agent Orange Lake Apopka James River Persistent Wastes The Arctic Disaster References and Notes
12. Radiation Electromagnetic Radiation Nuclear Radiation Nuclear Plants Nuclear Power Plant Failure Is Nuclear Power Worth the Risks? Meltdown at Chernobyl The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disaster Three Mile Island Nuclear Accident Radioisotopes and Radiation Poisoning Carbon Dating Nuclear Waste Disposal References and Notes
13. Invasions The Worst 100 Sensitive Habitats References and Notes
14. Products Precaution Endocrine Disruptors and Hormonally Active Agents Antibiotics: Superbugs and Cross-Resistance Organophosphates Scientific Principles at Work Milk and Terrorism References and Notes
15. Unsustainability Oil Phosphates Helium Platinum Group Metals Lithium Rare Earth Metals Other Metals Biomass Methane Carbon Dioxide References and Notes
16. Society Justice Solid Waste Food Supply Vinyl Chloride Food Versus Fuel Burning as a Societal Issue Risk Trade-Offs References and Notes
No. of pages: 600
Published: October 1, 2023
Paperback ISBN: 9780443186516
Daniel A. Vallero
Professor Daniel A. Vallero is an internationally recognized author and expert in environmental science and engineering. He has devoted decades to conducting research, teaching, and mentoring future scientists and engineers. He is currently developing tools and models to predict potential exposures to chemicals in consumer products. He is a full adjunct professor of civil and environmental engineering at Duke University’s Pratt School of Engineering. He has authored 20 environmental textbooks, with the most recent addressing the importance of physical principles in environmental science and engineering. His books have addressed all environmental compartments and media within the earth’s atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere.
Affiliations and expertise
Full Adjunct Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Duke University’s Pratt School of Engineering, NC, USA
Professor Trevor Letcher is an Emeritus Professor at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and living in the United Kingdom. He was previously Professor of Chemistry, and Head of Department, at the University of the Witwatersrand, Rhodes University, and Natal, in South Africa (1969-2004). He has published over 300 papers on areas such as chemical thermodynamic and waste from landfill in peer reviewed journals, and 100 papers in popular science and education journals. Prof. Letcher has edited and/or written 32 major books, of which 22 were published by Elsevier, on topics ranging from future energy, climate change, storing energy, waste, tyre waste and recycling, wind energy, solar energy, managing global warming, plastic waste, renewable energy, and environmental disasters. He has been awarded gold medals by the South African Institute of Chemistry and the South African Association for the Advancement of Science, and the Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics honoured him with a Festschrift in 2018. He is a life member of both the Royal Society of Chemistry (London) and the South African Institute of Chemistry. He is on the editorial board of the Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, and is a Director of the Board of the International Association of Chemical Thermodynamics since 2002.
Affiliations and expertise
Emeritus Professor, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa