The Case-Control Study: Consensus and Controversy focuses on the history and the evolution of the case-control study, addresses the methodological issues discussed in this book, and presents illustrative studies to examine the problems and opportunities inherent in the method. This text first discusses the progress and evolution of case-control studies. This book then explains methodologic problems and standards in case-control research, which is followed by a discussion on bias in analytic research. Before this book gives the highlights of the conference it documents, it first tackles the confidence intervals for the odds ratio in case-control studies; case-control studies on the effect of sex steroids on women and their offspring; and methodologic variation in case-control studies of reserpine and breast cancer. This text also looks into the questions frequently asked regarding case-control studies, such as on the selection of appropriate controls, publication of research findings, and type of research needs to be done on case-control studies to improve them. This book concludes by explaining the development of standards for case control studies, as well as other problems and prospect regarding this study. This publication will be invaluable to those interested in case-control studies.