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Rhythm and Meter
Phonetics and Phonology, Vol. 1
1st Edition - May 28, 1989
Editors: Paul Kiparsky, Gilbert Youmans
9 7 8 - 1 - 4 8 3 2 - 1 8 5 3 - 3
Phonetics and Phonology: Volume 1, Rhythm and Meter compiles original articles by 12 linguists and literary critics who have made important contributions to current theories of… Read more
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Phonetics and Phonology: Volume 1, Rhythm and Meter compiles original articles by 12 linguists and literary critics who have made important contributions to current theories of phonology, verse meter, and music. This book mainly focuses on English poetry—on the meters of Shakespeare, Milton, Blake, Longfellow, Hopkins, Auden, and other Renaissance dramatists. Poetry in other languages that include Greek, Arabic, Hebrew, Russian, and German are also examined. This publication emphasizes metrical theory, formulating and illustrating metrical principles within the tradition of generative metrics and competing traditions. The relationships between rhythm in language and music are likewise analyzed. This volume is useful to linguists, literary critics, and specialists conducting work on rhythm and meter.
Introduction: Rhythm and Meter
A Comparison of Rhythmic Structures in Music and Language
1. Goals of Generative Music Theory
2. Levels of Musical Representation
3. Substantive Parallels between Music and Phonology
4. Why Time-Span Reduction and Metrical Structure Are Both Necessary
5. Where Is Stress Encoded?
6. (Non)Parallels of Musical and Poetic Meter
7. What Are the Trees for in Language?
2. A Hierarchical Theory of Meter
3. Aspects of Classical Greek Meter
4. Classical Arabic Meters
Addendum to Prince's "Metrical Forms"
Temporal Structures in Verse Design
2. Traditional Hesitations: Paradigm Lost
3. Paradigm Regained
4. Initial Explorations
5. The Problem Stated
6. Temporally Rigid Rhythmic Structures
7. Compatibility 1
General and Particular Aspects of Meter: Literatures, Epochs, Poets
1. Problems and Theses
2. Thesis 3
3. Thesis 1
4. Thesis 2
5. By Way of a Conclusion
Iambic and Trochaic Verse—Major and Minor Keys?
2. Iambic Verse
3. Trochaic Verse
4. Enjambment and Rhyme
5. Metrical Structure
6. Classical Verse Forms
7. Modern Classical Forms
Linguistic Theory and Literary Criticism: The Rhythms of English Poetry Revisited
2. The Rhythms of English Poetry
3. Generalization and Evidence
4. Linguistic Theory and Literary Criticism
The Prosodic Hierarchy in Meter
2. The Prosodic Hierarchy
3. The Evidence from Meter
Triple Threats to Duple Rhythm
2. Rhythmic Sources of Metrical Uncertainty
3. Triple Rhythms in English
4. The Mixing of the English Meters
Appendix: Words and Word Groups Sometimes Reduced, Sometimes Used in Full, in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century English Verse
Meter in Auden's "Streams"
1. Apparent Licenses
2. Hopkins's "New Prosody"
3. Weak Positions
4. Strong Positions
7. Metrical Rules
8. Varieties of Sprung Rhythm
9. Meter and Style
10. Hopkins's Marking of Beats
11. Hopkins's Marking of Outrides
12. Concluding Remarks
Appendix: Normal Sprung Rhythm Poems
1. Statistical versus Categorical Rules
2. Syntactic Inversions as Evidence for Metrical Principles
3. Evaluation and Discovery of Metrical Principles