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Public Expenditures, Taxes, and the Distribution of Income
The United States, 1950, 1961, 1970
1st Edition - January 28, 1977
Authors: Morgan Reynolds, Eugene Smolensky
9 7 8 - 1 - 4 8 3 2 - 7 7 6 0 - 8
Public Expenditures, Taxes, and the Distribution of Income: The United States, 1950, 1961, 1970 explores income inequality over time to a more comprehensive than usual definition… Read more
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Public Expenditures, Taxes, and the Distribution of Income: The United States, 1950, 1961, 1970 explores income inequality over time to a more comprehensive than usual definition of income, one that includes the benefits and burdens of government expenditures and taxes at all levels. The book provides a discussion of topics on the impact of income redistribution on the fiscal comparisons of final income distributions; and experimental results involving artificial government budgets. The book will be interesting to economists.
ContentsList of ContributorsPrefaceI Fertility 1 Some Problems of Fertility Research Behavioral Data Motivational Data Normative Data 2 The Pervasiveness of Postwar Fertility Trends in the United States Data Fertility Trends The Rural Exception Marriage Trends Trends in the Timing of Fertility Persistence of Cross-Sectional Fertility Differentials Summary and Conclusion References 3 Age and the Sociology of Fertility: How Old Is Too Old? The Sociological Component of the Age Effect on Fertility Methodological Concerns Age and the Termination of Childbearing Age at First Marriage Age at Second Marriage Conclusion References 4 Couples' Decision-Making Processes Regarding Fertility Demography's Implicit Recognition of Motivational Influences Social-Psychological Approaches to Fertility Decision Making A Social-Psychological Model of Couples' Fertility Decision-Making Processes Individual Preferences Regarding Children Relative Power and Joint Decision Making of Couples Conclusion References 5 Spatial Aspects of Population: An Overview Density Urban Expansion Population Redistribution References 6 Overcrowding, Isolation, and Human Behavior: Exploring the Extremes in Population Distribution Animal Studies of Overcrowding and Isolation Determinants of Variations in Urban Population Densities Ecological Studies of Overcrowding and Isolation Human Populations Surveys on Overcrowding, Isolation, and Human Behavior m Concluding Remarks References 7 The Organizational Components of Expanding Metropolitan Systems The Theory of Ecological Expansion Methodology Findings for U. S. Metropolitan Systems, 1960 to 1970 Discussion References II Spatial Distribution 8 The New Pattern of Nonmetropolitan Population Change Data and Procedures Growth and Type of Residence A Subregional Comparison Some County Characteristics Associated with Growth Conclusion References III Social Mobility 9 Mobility and Stratification: An Overview Social Demography and Social Stratification: Definitions and Relationship Comparative Social Stratification Mortality as a Determinant of Social Mobility The Organization as a Context for Mobility Purposive Action in Social Mobility Models Continuous-Time Markov Models References 10 Changes in the Socioeconomic Stratification of the Races Data Intercohort Shifts in Occupational Socioeconomic Status Intercohort Changes in Socioeconomic Background and Education Processes of Socioeconomic Allocation in 1962 and 1973 Sources of Change in Socioeconomic Status Summary, Interpretations, and Speculations References 11 Statistical Histories of the Life Cycle of Birth Cohorts: The Transition from Schoolboy to Adult Male Conceptual Background Overview and Justification of the Project References 12 Some Methodological Issues in the Analysis of Longitudinal Surveys Movers and Stayers—A Review Other Explanations of High Diagonals Parsimonious Models and Fragmentary Data Embeddability and Identification Strategies for Discrimination among Competing Models Conclusions References IV Emerging Issues 13 The Next Fifteen Years in Demographic Analysis Trends in Demographers' Analyses Future Developments in Demographic Analysis References 14 Organization of Demographic Research: Problems of the Next Decade Trends in the Availability of Data Trends in the Availability of Technology Trends in the Place of Demography in the Social Sciences Trends in the Demand for Demographic Knowledge Implications for the Organization of Research References Index