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Procrastination, Health, and Well-Being
1st Edition - June 22, 2016
Editors: Fuschia M Sirois, Timothy A Pychyl
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Research on procrastination has grown exponentially in recent years. Studies have revealed that procrastination is an issue of self-regulation failure, and specifically… Read more
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Research on procrastination has grown exponentially in recent years. Studies have revealed that procrastination is an issue of self-regulation failure, and specifically misregulation of emotional states—not simply a time management problem as often presumed. This maladaptive coping strategy is a risk factor not only for poor mental health, but also poor physical health and other aspects of well-being. Procrastination, Health, and Well-Being brings together new and established researchers and theorists who make important connections between procrastination and health.
The first section of the book provides an overview of current conceptualizations and philosophical issues in understanding how procrastination relates to health and well-being including a critical discussion of the assumptions and rationalizations that are inherent to procrastination. The next section of the book focuses on current theory and research highlighting the issues and implications of procrastination for physical health and health behaviors, while the third section presents current perspectives on the interrelationships between procrastination and psychological well-being. The volume concludes with an overview of potential areas for future research in the growing field of procrastination, health, and well-being.
Reviews interdisciplinary research on procrastination
Conceptualizes procrastination as an issue of self-regulation and maladaptive coping, not time management
Identifies the public and private health implications of procrastination
Explores the guilt and shame that often accompany procrastination
Discusses temporal views of the stress and chronic health conditions associated with procrastination
Researchers and students in the areas of personality, social, developmental, educational, and cognitive psychology. Secondary markets include related disciplines such as social work, public health, and nursing.
List of Contributors
Part 1: Introduction and Overview
Chapter 1: Introduction: Conceptualizing the Relations of Procrastination to Health and Well-Being
Procrastination and well-being: a tale of two traditions
Procrastination and physical health: a tale of two routes
Chapter 2: Recovering Kairos: Toward a Heideggerian Analysis of Procrastination
Chronos in Aristotle’s Physics
Kairos and the ecstatic temporality of being and time
Kairos in concrete experience—Martin Luther King’s “Mountaintop Speech”
Conclusion—kairos in a therapeutic practice
Chapter 3: Structured Nonprocrastination: Scaffolding Efforts to Resist the Temptation to Reconstrue Unwarranted Delay
How not to be misled by “structured procrastination”
Defining procrastination as culpably unwarranted delay
Extending the will to resist self-indulgent reconstrual
Structures that support attention, motivation, and judgment
Part 2: Procrastination and Health
Chapter 4: Procrastination, Stress, and Chronic Health Conditions: A Temporal Perspective
Procrastination-health model: current evidence and extensions
Temporally extending the procrastination-health model
Temporal myopia, stress, and health behaviors
Procrastination as vulnerability in the context of chronic disease
Conclusions and future directions
Chapter 5: Bedtime Procrastination: A Behavioral Perspective on Sleep Insufficiency
Sleep insufficiency: a neglected health problem?
Bedtime procrastination as a cause of sleep insufficiency
Bedtime procrastination in the general population
Bedtime procrastination versus general procrastination
Bedtime procrastination versus other forms of procrastination
Avenues for future research
Chapter 6: Measurement of Health-Related Procrastination: Development and Validation of the Exercise and Healthy Diet Procrastination Scales
Defining health-related procrastination
Stages 1 and 2: item creation, expert review, and content validity
Stages 2–4: dimensionality, item reduction, reliability, and validation
Dimensionality and item reduction
Validity of health-related procrastination measures
Antecedents of procrastination: personality and self-regulation
Health-related procrastination and health outcomes
Context-specific measures of health-related procrastination
Future directions and concluding thoughts
Chapter 7: The Relation Between General Procrastination and Health Behaviors: What Can We Learn from Greek Students?
What can we learn from Greek university students?
Part 3: Procrastination and Well-Being
Chapter 8: Procrastination, Emotion Regulation, and Well-Being
“Giving in to feel good”—the priority of short-term mood repair
Conclusions and future directions
Chapter 9: Delaying Things and Feeling Bad About It? A Norm-Based Approach to Procrastination
Procrastination as self-regulation failure
Procrastinatory behavior from a norms perspective
“Feeling bad” about procrastinating
A norm-based approach to procrastination and emotions
Managing bad feelings from procrastination
Chapter 10: Temporal Views of Procrastination, Health, and Well-Being
Procrastination: temporal self as other
Self-continuity and future self
Self-continuity: benefits for health and well-being
Conclusion: a focus on the past
Chapter 11: Procrastination and Well-Being at Work
Delay and procrastination
Student procrastination and procrastination at work
A conceptual framework for workplace procrastination
Characteristics of the person
Characteristics of the context
Strengths and limitations
Future research directions
Chapter 12: Future of Research on Procrastination, Health, and Well-Being: Key Themes and Recommendations
Looking back: three key themes
Looking ahead: four key issues in procrastination, health, and well-being research
No. of pages: 304
Published: June 22, 2016
Imprint: Academic Press
Hardback ISBN: 9780128028629
eBook ISBN: 9780128028988
Fuschia M Sirois
Dr. Fuschia Sirois is a Reader in the Department of Psychology at the University of Sheffield in the United Kingdom, and an adjunct Associate Professor at the University of Windsor where she was previously a faculty member. From 2011 to 2015 she held a Tier II Canada Research Chair in Health and Well-Being while she was a Professor in the Department of Psychology at Bishop’s University. She obtained an Honors BA in Psychology from the University of Ottawa, and her MA and PhD in Social Psychology from Carleton University. She also holds an Honors BSc in Biochemistry/Nutrition from the University of Ottawa. Dr. Sirois' research focuses on understanding the qualities and traits that may confer risk or resilience for health and well-being related outcomes through their links to self-regulation. For over a decade, her research has systematically investigated the effects of procrastination for health and well-being.
Her research has been published in numerous peer-reviewed journals such as Health Psychology, Social Science and Medicine, Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Quality of Life Research, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Self & Identity, Social and Personality Compass, and the Journal of Behavioural Medicine. She has presented numerous papers at peer-reviewed professional conferences, and is the co-author of the first, second, third, and fourth Canadian editions of Shelley Taylor's Health Psychology textbook.
Affiliations and expertise
Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom
Timothy A Pychyl
Dr. Pychyl is an Associate Professor in the Department of Psychology, the Director of the Centre for Initiatives in Education and he has a cross-appointment to the School of Linguistics and Language Studies. His research in psychology is focused on the breakdown in volitional action commonly known as procrastination and its relation to personal well being. The winner of numerous teaching awards including the 3M National Teaching Fellowship, Ontario Confederation of University Faculty Associations Teaching Award and the inaugural recipient of the University Medal for Distinguished Teaching, Dr. Pychyl has taught a doctoral-seminar on university teaching in the department and is regularly invited to speak about teaching at campuses across Canada.
Affiliations and expertise
Director, Centre for Initiatives in Education & Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada