Major transportation terminals, stadiums, and other facilities attracting large crowds demand efficient and optimized designs for the safety of pedestrian flows, and surrounding vehicle traffic. This often proves difficult, as pedestrian flow operations are notoriously hard to model and predict due to inherent complexity. Pedestrian and Crowd Dynamics: Empirics, Theory, Models and Applications provides the underlying theoretical knowledge, and practical guidelines for effective modeling, and crowd management. Pedestrian and Crowd Dynamics: Empirics, Theory, Models and Applications serves as a key reference for researchers, introducing all aspects related to pedestrian modeling, including microscopic flow, continuum flow, and route choice modeling techniques. The book assists transportation planners with facilities and sensing network design, as well as with the evaluation, or development, of crowd management measures. Authored and edited by leading academics in the field, the book provides best practices, and lessons learned, with advice for overcoming implementation and legal challenges, and employing practical strategies to affect policies, attitudes, and behaviors related to crowd flow management. Pedestrian and Crowd Dynamics: Empirics, Theory, Models and Applications also features a look to the future, examining strategies for the long-term.