Operational Gaming: An International Approach is the result of research carried out at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) situated at Laxenburg (near Vienna), Austria, which relates game theory and system analysis to decision making. The book first shows the relationship of game theory, experimental gaming, and operational gaming through a state-of-the-art survey. This topic includes the history, context, type, and uses of gaming. Then, the text shifts to the discussion on operational gaming, including the definitions of institutional model and game situation concepts. An overview of gaming in different nations including USSR is provided. The book also studies the international transfer of games and the East-West international trade games. The future of this field of study, as well as its implications for humans, is also examined in the latter parts. This book will be of significance to those interested in game theories and those people involved in policy and decision making in their country or organization.