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Offshore Installation Practice
1st Edition - December 1, 1987
Author: J. Crawford
9 7 8 - 1 - 4 8 3 1 - 6 3 1 9 - 2
Offshore Installation Practice describes the main requirements and applications for safe offshore installation and operation. This book discusses the arrangements to be accepted… Read more
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Offshore Installation Practice describes the main requirements and applications for safe offshore installation and operation. This book discusses the arrangements to be accepted by national and international classification and certification authorities with respect to flare systems, fuel gas and crude oil burning, fire protection, fire detection and extinction, heat exchangers, and piping design. The importance of life-support systems is also highlighted. This book is comprised of 18 chapters and begins by introducing the reader to offshore gas and oil production platforms, with emphasis on safety considerations for fixed drilling/production platforms, produced fluid systems, and the gas injection compression system. The discussion then turns to piping systems; fuel gas and crude-oil burning arrangements; flare systems; and equipment for offshore-related projects, such as storage tankers and barges, compensator systems, and floating production and storage units. The chapters that follow focus on safety shutdown systems; the design of submersibles and diving equipment; and the basic principles of fire protection systems. This book concludes by considering the regulatory requirements for the prevention of oil pollution arising from offshore oil and gas exploration. This monograph will be useful as a reference work for those engaged in the design and installation of offshore units.
1 Offshore Gas and Oil Production Installations 1.1 Fixed Drilling/Production Platforms 1.2 Produced Fluid Systems 1.3 The Gas Injection Compression System2 Piping Systems 2.1 Mobile Units 2.2 Ballast Systems 2.3 Inclination Requirements (Emergency Pumps) 2.4 Ballast Tank Venting Arrangements 2.5 Cross-Bracings 2.6 Protection against Flooding 2.7 Copper Alloy Piping 2.8 Galvanic Corrosion 2.9 Valves 2.10 Flexible Jumper, Kill and Choke Lines3 Fuel Gas and Crude-Oil Burning Arrangements 3.1 Methane (Fuel-Gas) Burning 3.2 Crude-Oil Burning4 Flare Systems 4.1 Combustion Properties5 Offshore-Related Projects 5.1 Storage Tankers and Barges 5.2 Floating Production and Storage Units 5.3 Fire 5.4 Fuel Gas 5.5 Jack-Up Units 5.6 Compensator Systems6 Shutdown Safety Systems 6.1 Valves 6.2 Protective Shut-in Action 6.3 Guidance Notes 6.4 Compressor Units Safety/Blowdown 6.5 Compressor Blowdown7 Piping Design 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Carbon and Low-Alloy Steels 7.3 Welded Pressure Pipes 7.4 Copper and Copper Alloys 7.5 Cast Iron 7.6 Plastics Pipes 7.7 Flexible Hoses 7.8 Hydraulic Tests on Pipes and Fittings 7.9 Guidance Notes on Metal Pipes for Water Services 7.10 Design Systems (Standards and Materials)8 Submersibles: Diving Systems 8.1 Diving Equipment 8.2 Underwater Operations 8.3 Submersible Units 8.4 Life-Support System 8.5 Bulk Gas Storage 8.6 Heating Systems 8.7 Emergency Life-Support Systems 8.8 Ballast Systems 8.9 Emergency Release System 8.10 Diving Bells9 Fire and Basic Principles of Protective Systems 9.1 Phenomenon of Fire and Basic Principles of Protection Systems 9.2 Statutory Requirements 9.3 Structural Fire Protection 9.4 Fire Test for Fire Main Fittings 9.5 Fire Test for Flexible Hoses10 Fire Detection 10.1 Principles of Fire Detection 10.2 Types of Fire Detector 10.3 Choice of Fire-Detector Types 10.4 Numbers of Fire Detectors 10.5 Siting of Fire Detectors 10.6 Regulation Requirements11 Flammable Gas Detection 11.1 Principles of Flammable Gas Detection 11.2 Techniques for Detection 11.3 Gas-Detection System Design 11.4 Regulation Requirements for Gas-Detection and Measuring Equipment 11.5 Common Features of Fire- and Gas-Detection Systems12 Fire-Extinguishing Systems 12.1 Extinguishing Agents 12.2 Fire Pumps, Fire Mains, Water-Deluge Systems, Water Monitors and Hydrants 12.3 Automatic Sprinkler and Fire-Detection Systems 12.4 Fixed Fire-Extinguishing Systems 12.5 Helicopter Landing-Area Equipment 12.6 Portable Fire-Fighting Equipment 12.7 Plans Required for Appraisal 12.8 Diving Systems 12.9 Measures in the Event of an Accident13 Electrical Installations 13.1 Introduction 13.2 Causes of Faults 13.3 Detection of Faults 13.4 Cable Fires 13.5 System Design 13.6 Explosion Hazards14 Area Classification 14.1 Introduction 14.2 Definitions 14.3 Codes of Practice 14.4 Comparison between the Codes 14.5 Application of the Codes 14.6 Helifuel Tanks15 Automation and Control Systems 15.1 Classification of Control Systems 15.2 Control Valves16 Pumps 16.1 Weir Multi-Stage Turbo Feed Pump 16.2 Reciprocating Pump 16.3 Maintenance and Operation of Reciprocating Units 16.4 Maintenance Procedures 16.5 Centrifugal Pumps 16.6 Operation and Maintenance of Centrifugal Pumps 16.7 Mechanical Rotary Seals 16.8 Bypass Line for Closed-Valve Operation 16.9 Positive Displacement Pumps 16.10 Axial Flow Pumps 16.11 Screw Displacement Pumps 16.12 Rotary Lobe Displacement Pumps 16.13 Pumps for Special Services 16.14 Hydraulic Downhole Pumps 16.15 Fire Pumps 16.16 General Pumping Data17 Heat Exchangers 17.1 Heat Exchanger Performance 17.2 The Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger 17.3 The Plate Heat Exchanger18 Oil Pollution 18.1 Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil 18.2 Oil Tankers Used for the Storage of OilAppendix: Oil Formations A.1 Drilling OperationsBibliographyIndex