Mathematical Theory of Sedimentation Analysis deals with ultracentrifugal analysis. The book reviews flow equations for the ultracentrifuge, for two component systems, for multicomponent systems, and in chemically reacting systems. It explains the Svedberg equation and its extensions, and also the tests of the Onsager reciprocal relation. By employing a system consisting of two strong electrolytes and a solvent, the book illustrates that the sedimentation processes can be treated in terms of thermodynamics of irreversible processes. It also explains sedimentation-diffusion equilibrium and an approach to sedimentation equilibrium. It reviews the prediction of the time required to reach equilibrium, the estimates being made by Weaver (1926), and by Mason and Weaver (1924). The book employs sedimentation in a sector-shaped cell in a centrifugal field, of which the solutions of Mason and Weaver closely approximate the actual concentration distribution in the ultra-centrifuge cell. Other accurate solutions are by Fujita, Nazarian (1958), Yphantis, and Waugh. The book will prove valuable for mathematicians, physical chemists, biophysical chemists students, or professor of advanced mathematics.