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High-Pressure Fluid Phase Equilibria
Phenomenology and Computation
1st Edition - April 26, 2012
Authors: Ulrich K Deiters, Thomas Kraska
9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 4 - 5 6 3 4 7 - 7
9 7 8 - 0 - 4 4 4 - 5 6 3 5 4 - 5
The book begins with an overview of the phase diagrams of fluid mixtures (fluid = liquid, gas, or supercritical state), which can show an astonishing variety when elevated… Read more
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The book begins with an overview of the phase diagrams of fluid mixtures (fluid = liquid, gas, or supercritical state), which can show an astonishing variety when elevated pressures are taken into account; phenomena like retrograde condensation (single and double) and azeotropy (normal and double) are discussed. It then gives an introduction into the relevant thermodynamic equations for fluid mixtures, including some that are rarely found in modern textbooks, and shows how they can they be used to compute phase diagrams and related properties. This chapter gives a consistent and axiomatic approach to fluid thermodynamics; it avoids using activity coefficients. Further chapters are dedicated to solid-fluid phase equilibria and global phase diagrams (systematic search for phase diagram classes). The appendix contains numerical algorithms needed for the computations. The book thus enables the reader to create or improve computer programs for the calculation of fluid phase diagrams.
introduces phase diagram classes, how to recognize them and identify their characteristic features
presents rational nomenclature of binary fluid phase diagrams
includes problems and solutions for self-testing, exercises or seminars
Students of chemical engineering, chemical engineers and physical chemists specializing in fluids; companies involved in chemical engineering (separation processes, high-pressure operations) or in producing software for chemical engineers
1 Introduction 1.1 What are fluids?1.2 Why should you read this book?1.3 What is the scope of this book?1.4 Do you have to read the whole book? 1.5 Some conventions 2 Phenomenology of phase diagrams2.1 Basic considerations 2.2 Experimentally known binary phase diagram classes2.3 Phase diagrams of polymer solutions2.4 Rational nomenclature of phase diagram classes2.5 Phase diagram types of ternary mixtures3 Experimental observation of phase equilibria3.1 Warning3.2 Overview3.3 Synthetic methods3.4 Analytic methods 3.5 Transient methods4 Thermodynamic variables and functions4.1 Fundamentals4.2 Energy functions and the equation of state4.3 Residual, excess, and partial molar quantities4.4 Jacobian determinants4.5 Variables of historical interest5 Stability and equilibrium 5.1 Criteria of equilibrium5.2 Thermodynamic stability criteria and 2nd Law5.3 Phase equilibria of pure substances5.4 Critical points of pure fluids5.5 Phase equilibria of binary mixtures5.6 Critical curves5.7 3-phase curves5.8 Isochoric thermodynamics5.9 Heat effects of phase transitions6 Solid–fluid equilibrium 6.1 Thermodynamic functions of solids6.2 Equilibrium of a pure solid and a mixed fluid phase6.3 Remarks on phase diagrams of binary mixtures6.4 Impure solids7 Equations of state for pure fluids 7.1 Fundamentals7.2 The ideal gas7.3 Cubic equations of state7.4 Equations of state based on molecular theory7.5 Reference equations of state7.6 The corresponding-states principle7.7 Near-critical behaviour8 Equations of state for mixtures8.1 Fundamentals8.2 1-fluid theory8.3 Combining rules8.4 n-fluid theories8.5 The mean-density approximation8.6 Advanced theory8.7 GE-based mixing rules8.8 Fuzzy components9 Global phase diagramsAppendix:A Algebraic and numeric methodsB ProofsC Equations of state
No. of pages: 370
Published: April 26, 2012
Hardback ISBN: 9780444563477
eBook ISBN: 9780444563545
Ulrich K Deiters
Ulrich Deiters works in the Institute Physical Chemistry at University of Cologne, Koln, Germany.
Affiliations and expertise
Institute Physical Chemistry, University of Cologne, Koln, Germany
Thomas Kraska works at the Institute of Physical Chemistry in University of Cologne, Koln, Germany.
Affiliations and expertise
Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Cologne, Koln, Germany