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Evolution of The Brain and Intelligence
1st Edition - January 1, 1973
Author: Harry Jerison
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Evolution of the Brain and Intelligence covers the general principles of behavior and brain function. The book is divided into four parts encompassing 17 chapters that emphasize… Read more
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Evolution of the Brain and Intelligence covers the general principles of behavior and brain function. The book is divided into four parts encompassing 17 chapters that emphasize the implications of the history of the brain for the evolution of behavior in vertebrates. The introductory chapter covers the studies of animal behavior and their implications about the nature of the animal’s world. The following chapters emphasize methodological issues and the meanings of brain indices and brain size, as well as the general anatomy of the brain. Other chapters discuss the history of the brain in the major vertebrate groups that were known about 300 million years ago to determine the fate of these early vertebrate groups. Discussions on broad trends in evolution and their implications for the evolution of intelligence are also included. Substantive matter on the brains, bodies, and associated mechanisms of behavior of vertebrates are covered in the remaining chapters of the book, with an emphasis on evolution “above the species level”. This book is of value to anthropologists, behavioral scientists, zoologists, paleontologists, and neurosciences students.
PrefaceAcknowledgmentsPart I. The Approach Chapter 1. Brain, Behavior, and the Evolution of Mind The Evolutionary Approach Principles of Brain Function and Evolution Biological Intelligence Chapter 2. Evidence, Background, and Methods Fossil Brains Vertebrate History Measuring the Evolution of the Brain Chapter 3. Gross Brain Indices and the Meaning of Brain Size Gross Brain Indices The Meaning of Brain Size Gross Brain Size and Brain Functions Chapter 4. Beginnings: Habits and Brains The First Vertebrates The Generalized Vertebrate Brain: A Primer for EndocastsPart II. The Basic Vertebrate Radiation Chapter 5. The Lower Vertebrates: Fish Brains and Bodies of Fish Brain Evolution in Living Classes of Fish Potential for Life on Land Conclusions Chapter 6. Invasion of the Land: The First Tetrapods Adaptive Radiation Brains and Bodies of Amphibians Conclusions Chapter 7. The Radiation of the Reptiles Evolutionary History Relative Brain Size in Dinosaurs The Mammal-like Reptiles Conclusions Chapter 8. Flying Reptiles and Aerial Niches The Control of Flight Flying Reptiles ConclusionsPart III. Brain Enlargement and the Basic Vertebrate Radiation Chapter 9. Evolution of the Brain in Birds Evolutionary Background Brain and Body in Archaeopteryx Cretaceous and Cenozoic Birds Brains for Aerial Niches Chapter 10. Mammalian Brains for Mesozoic Relative Brain Size Evolutionary Implications Chapter 11. Archaic Tertiary Mammals and Their Brains Evolutionary Background Relative Brain Size Forebrain, Hindbrain, and Olfactory Bulbs Conclusions Chapter 12. Basic Selection Pressures for Enlarged Brains Mammalian Trends and Nocturnal Adaptive Zones Avian Trends and Adaptive ZonesPart IV. Progressive Evolution of the Brain Chapter 13. Progressive Tertiary Evolution: Ungulates and Carnivores Evolutionary History Brain Morphology Relative Brain Size Conclusions Chapter 14. Neotropical Herbivores: An Evolutionary Experiment Evolutionary Background The Experiment Experimental Conclusions Chapter 15. Special Topics Evolutionary Trends Lessons from the Pleistocene Chapter 16. The Primates and Man Evolutionary Background Relative Brain Size in Prosimians Relative Brain Size in Anthropoids Enlarged Brains in Primates: Selection Pressures Chapter 17. The Significance of the Progressive Enlargement of the Brain Theoretical Background Selection Pressures toward Enlarged Brains Hominids and the Human Brain The Work of the Hominid Brain ConclusionsBibliographyAppendix I. Wirz's Analysis of Relative Size of Parts of the BrainAppendix II. Statistical Tests on Mammalian DataAppendix III. Foramen Magnum, the Size Factor, and Brain Size Index