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Clinical Biomechanics in Human Locomotion
Gait and Pathomechanical Principles
1st Edition - April 10, 2023
Authors: Andrew Horwood, Nachiappan Chockalingam
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Clinical Biomechanics in Human Locomotion: Gait and Pathomechanical Principles explores the clinical management of gait-disturbing or gait-induced pathologies and biomechanical… Read more
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Clinical Biomechanics in Human Locomotion: Gait and Pathomechanical Principles explores the clinical management of gait-disturbing or gait-induced pathologies and biomechanical variances during gait between individuals. The book discusses what is required to make terrestrial human locomotion safe and what causes pathology within a context of high locomotive and morphological variability. The interaction of genetics, epigenetics, developmental biology and physiology under the influence of locomotive biomechanics and metabolic energetics drives evolution.
Such biological pressures on survival are essential in understanding the locomotive biomechanics of modern humans. In addition, lifestyle, including gait speed adaptability established during the growth influences of anatomical development is also considered.
Links human locomotive biomechanics to medicine, physiology, evolutionary anatomy and medicine
Prepares students, bioengineers and clinicians for the reality of utilizing biomechanical principles in clinical practice while also informing researchers of environmental limits
Includes further concepts in gait mechanics such as lower limb length, gait speed and how to calculate locomotive costs
Graduate students of biomedical engineering and biomechanics, product development engineers, physical therapists, orthopaedic surgeons, podiatric surgeons. University biomechanics departments; Orthopaedic departments/hospital libraries; University physical therapy departments
Table of Contents
About the authors
Chapter 1: Understanding human gait
1.1: Gait principles
1.2: Principles of gait analysis data
1.3: Muscle function related to joint motion in gait
1.4: Running gait
1.5: Variance in gait
1.6: Gait in disease
Chapter 2: Locomotive functional units
2.1: Soft and hard tissue as functional units
2.2: Functional unit of the lumbar spine and pelvis
2.3: Functional unit of the hip
2.4: Functional unit of the knee
2.5: Functional unit of the ankle
Chapter 3: The foot as a functional unit of gait
3.1: The foot’s material properties
3.2: The foot’s role in gait
3.3: The foot’s functional units
Chapter 4: Pathology through the principles of biomechanics
4.1: Understanding the pathological risk
4.2: Pathomechanics of the hip
4.3: Pathomechanics of the knee
4.4: Pathomechanics of the ankle and rearfoot
4.5: Pathomechanics of the foot
4.6: Pathomechanics of running
A: Further concepts in gait mechanics
B: Lower limb length and gait speed
C: Locomotive costs
D: Locomotive power
E: Locomotive work done
Glossary: Gait and pathomechanical principles
No. of pages: 934
Published: April 10, 2023
Imprint: Academic Press
Paperback ISBN: 9780443158605
eBook ISBN: 9780443158612
• 32 years of working experience in clinical biomechanics treating patients
• Designed and currently leading a PG module at Staffordshire University, titled “Principles of Biomechanics”.
• Designed and involved in the delivery of a PG MSc level module titled “Origins and Principles of Clinical biomechanics” at Staffordshire University, since 1999.
• Guest lecturer as School of Podiatry, Caledonia University Glasgow
• Published theoretical and clinical papers on clinical biomechanics.
Affiliations and expertise
Visiting Fellow, Centre for Biomechanics and Rehabilitation Technologies, Staffordshire University, UK
Dr. Chockalingam is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine. He is also a Chartered Engineer, a Chartered Scientist and a Principal Fellow of the Higher Education Academy. As Professor of Clinical Biomechanics, he directs the Movement Analysis Laboratory and lead the biomechanics team and research at Staffordshire University. He is also an Affiliate Professor at the Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Malta and a Visiting Professor at the Department of Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai. In terms of research leadership and management, Dr. Chockalingam is involved with the strategic committees and executive boards of various national and international organisations. Within Staffordshire University, in addition to contributing to committees across institution, he also chairs the University Research Ethics Committee and lead the University Professoriate.