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A Practical Course in Biology The Commonwealth and International Library: Biology Division
1st Edition - January 1, 1971
Authors: W. Belfield, M. Dearden Editor: G. L. Watt eBook ISBN:
9 7 8 - 1 - 4 8 3 1 - 8 1 4 7 - 9
A Practical Course in Biology provides various experiments biologists or those in biology related fields usually perform, mainly encompassing experimenting with animals and…
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A Practical Course in Biology provides various experiments biologists or those in biology related fields usually perform, mainly encompassing experimenting with animals and plants. As this book provides a practical course in biology, it first discusses the instrument commonly used in laboratory experimentsâ€”the microscope. Then, this text shifts to studying various organisms, including plants and animals and their biological characteristics and mechanisms. This selection ends with the practical techniques and methods in biology, such as dissecting, cleaning glassware, specimen preservation, and killing laboratory animals. This book will come in handy for students and experts in the field of general biology and related fields. Introduction Acknowledgments 1 Microscopy Setting up the Microscope Simple Microscopical Observations Measurement of Microscopical Objects (Micrometry) Examination of Pondwater Section Cutting Temporary Staining of Plant Sections Leishman's Stain for Blood Smears Squash Preparation of Chromosomes of Root-tip, Stained in Proprionic-orcein Whole Mounts 2 Variety of Organisms Protista: Schizomycophyta, Chlorophyta, Phaeophyta, Chrysophyta, Rhizopoda, Flagellata, Ciliophora, Sporozoa, Mycophyta Metaphyta: Bryophyta, Sphenopsida, Pteropsida Metazoa: Coelenterata Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, Annelida, Arthropoda, Mollusca Echinodermata, Chordata 3 Structure and Physiology of the Mammal Dissection of the Rat The Skeleton of the Rabbit Movement How Movement is Caused by Muscles Muscular Contraction and ATP Nutrition Food Tests To Show that Foods Contain Carbon To Show that Protein Contains Nitrogen To Show that Fat Gives out More Heat than Sugar Physical Properties of Foods Tongue and Taste Taste and Smell Function of Various Types of Teeth Functional Anatomy of Teeth Action of Ptyalin Action of Pancreatin Action of Chymase (Rennin) Emulsification of Fats and Oils Absorbing Area of the Intestine Circulation Counting of Red Blood-cells Watch Pocket Valves Movement of Blood in Fish, Frog, Tadpole Action of Capillary in Smoothing out Varying Pressure Respiration To Dhow that Animals Use Oxygen Sweat Presence of Salts in Sweat To Show That Evaporation Cools Excretion To Show the Presence of Nitrogen in Urine To Show the Presence of Uric Acid in Bird Droppings Skin Surface Anatomy of the Skin The Skin as a Temperature Receptor Sensitivity of the Body to Touch Regulation of Water Balance Reflex Actions Eye and Ear Focusing of the Human Eye Action of the Iris Presence of the Blind Spot Calculation of the Size of the Blind Spot Field of Vision in the Human Eye Importance of Stereoscopic Vision Function and Mechanism of Semicircular Canals Muscular Control of Posture 4 Structure and Physiology of the Flowering Plant Plant Anatomy Photosynthesis Test for Starch in the Plant Necessity of Light for Photosynthesis Necessity of Light for the Development of Chlorophyll Necessity of Chlorophyll for Photosynthesis Necessity of Carbon Dioxide for Photosynthesis Production of Oxygen in Photosynthesis Respiration Production of Carbon Dioxide and Water during Burning of Sugar and Fat Gaseous Exchange in Respiration Anaerobic Respiration Production of Carbon Dioxide during Respiration of Plants and Animals Production of Heat by Plants and Animals Water and Mineral Relations Demonstration of Osmosis Molecular Movement in Osmosis (Model) Osmosis in Living Material Root Pressure Rise of Water in Xylem Capillarity Rise of Mineral Salts in Stem Water Culture of Plants Diffusion Loss of Water from a Plant Site of Water Loss from a Plant Stomatal Preparation Model of Stomata Variation of Speed of Water Loss Effect of Leaf-suction in Raising Water up a Plant Transpiration Pull Reproduction Spore Release in Moss Spore Release in Fern To grow the Prothallus of a Fern Germination of Pollen Function of Pollen Seed Dispersal Vegetative Propagation Germination of Seed Presence of the Micropyle Function of the Micropyle Conditions for Germination Plant growth and Movement Region of Root Sensitive to Gravity Region of Root Responsive to Gravity To Show that Geotropic Movement of Root is Not Due to the Weight of the Root Negative Response of Shoot to Gravity Growth of Root when Gravity is Neutralized Hormonal Control of Geotropism Control of Growth by Tip of Shoot Bending Towards Light Controlled by Shoot Tip Area of Shoot Responsive to Light Thigmotropism Thermonasty Seismonasty Chemotropism Regions of Growth in Radicle and Shoot Structure and Growth of Winter Bud Soil Mechanical Analysis of Soil Estimation of Water-soluble Mineral Content of Soil Separation of Small Animals from Soil Effect of Water when Frozen in Confined Space Amount of Air in Soils Permeability of Soil to Air Water Retention by Soil Porosity of Soil to Water Capillary Action of Soil Clay Content of Soil Water Erosion Amount of Water in Soil Amount of Organic Matter in Soil pH of Soil Solutions for Hydroponic Culture of Green Plants 5 The Cell and its Properties Movement of Water into and out of Living Cells Selective Uptake of Solutes by Yeast Extraction of Amino-acids and Proteins from Plant Tissue, and their Analysis Paper Chromatography Optimum Temperature and pH for an Enzyme 6 Growth and Differentiation Growth-rate of DrosopMa at Varying Temperatures Ligaturation of Developing Blowfly Larvae Growth Curves for Mice Embryology 7 Ecology Suitable Places and Approaches for Field-study Suggestions for Field Investigations Identification Surveys of Populations Construction of Keys for Identification 8 Genetics Genetical Experiments with Drosophila Salivary Gland Chromosome Preparation of Drosophila Distribution of Certain Characteristics in Human Populations The Hardy-Weinberg Law 9 Evolution Environment and Gene-expression Normal Distribution Collecting Fossils in the British Isles Fossil Finding and Dating 10 Culture Methods for Common Laboratory Organisms Amoeba Paramecium Hydra Earthworms Daphnia and Cyclops Cockroaches Locusts Drosophila Butterflies Bees Houseflies Frogs Mice Bacteria and Fungi Gram's Stain for Bacteria 11 Practical Techniques and Methods Dissection Drawings Experimental Records Graphs Some Simple Applications of Statistics in Biology Arithmetic Mean Variance t-test Chi-squared Test Null-hypothesis Coefficient of Correlation Standard Error of the Mean Cleaning of Glassware Killing Animals Preservation of Specimens Oil-immersion Incubator Solutionsâ€”preparation and Concentration Buffer Solutions Other Solutions, Stains, Chemicals, Mountants Sources of Supply Book List Accident Prevention and First Aid S.I. Units Index
Published: January 1, 1971
eBook ISBN: 9781483181479