Biotechnology in Pulp and Paper Manufacture: Applications and Fundamental Investigations documents the proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Biotechnology in the Pulp and Paper Industry held in Raleigh, NC and Myrtle Beach, SC, on 16-19 May 1989. This volume contains 68 selected papers organized into seven parts. Part I deals with cell wall degradation and biopulping. It includes papers such as energy savings in biomechanical pumping, and biological degradation and delignification of rice straw. Part II on the enzyme and fungal treatment of pulps presents studies on the improvement of pulp properties by treatment with enzymes or with whole cells. Part III reports on research on new biological treatments for wastewaters produced by the created by the pulp and paper industry. Part IV discusses the conversion of pulping and papermaking byproducts to more valuable products via fermentation. Parts V and VI are devoted to fundamental studies on lignin biodegradation, and on cellulose and hemicellulose biodegradation, respectively. Part VII focuses on molecular genetics research on lignocelluloses-degrading microorganisms.